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San Diego is known as the 9th largest United States city and the 2nd largest in the state of California. San Diego is home on the west coast of the United States along the Pacific Ocean. San Diego according to Forbes is the 5th wealthiest city in the United States. Along with that, it is the county seat of San Diego County and the economic center of the San Diego–Carlsbad–San Marcos Metropolitan Area. The industries thriving in the area include tourism, military, and manufacturing.Looking at the economy in San Diego, you will find it is composed of tourism, business and financial services, agriculture, computer science, biotechnology, biosciences, defense manufacturing, electronics manufacturing, software development, ship repair, ship construction, wireless research, and telecommunications.
All of the above is great and sounds wonderful, but this is not what most people envision or remember about San Diego. What is left on the minds of those that visit is the diversity that is found in attractions, activities, residents, communities, and people. The only thing that remains the same is the pleasant climate and the seventy miles of unspoiled beaches. Communities such as La Jolla, East Village, Carlsbad, Little Italy, Coronado, Del Mar, Gaslamp Quarter, Chula Vista, Hillcrest, and Escondido, dot the countryside offering a wide array of breath taking homes, condos, and ranches. Along with the magnificent historical and modern homes, the skyline is something that makes everyone stand in awe. No matter which direction you turn, you will find various scenic pictures from ocean views to mountain views, to rivers to parks, and from the vibrant downtown area to the rolling hills on the outskirts of the city.
History of San Diego
The history of San Diego begins with the Kumeyaay Indians that lived here over 10,000 years ago. The first Europeans to set foot in the region was Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, who claimed the bay for the Spanish Empire and named the region San Miguel in 1542. In November of 1602, Sebastian Vizcaino was sent to survey the harbor and to map the coastline. The harbor he surveyed was what we know as Mission Bay and Point Loma. He changed the name to San Diego for the Catholic Saint Didacus.
San Diego began as a settlement at the foot of the Presidio Hill where you will find Old Town San Diego State Historic Park, today. Alonzo Horton, during the late 1860’s, suggested the settlement move farther south to New Town which today is downtown San Diego. New Town was close to the bay, which brought people and businesses, soon transforming this area into the economic heart of San Diego.